Home » Nepal » People, Art & Architecture

People, Art & Architecture


Nepal is the museum of the human races or even said as the anthropological pilgrimage. The population of the country is  about 29 million with the density of 166.27 per square kilometers as the National Census 2007 A.D. roughly the majority of the peoples are the Indo-Aryans and the remainder is of Mongoloid origin. The peoples in the Himalayan are called Tibeto-Mongoloid by races and Tibeto-Buddhist by religion. They speak Tibetan language and their own dialects. Their life is based on the Trans- Himalayan trade and Cis- Himalayan trade. Because of the poor economy and the prevalent system in their society some of them are forced to practice the polyandry system. It was believed that the people called the Sherpas of the North East Nepal were the migrants of the eastern Tibet.In the midhill region the peoples are living with agriculture. Newars are the main ethnic group of Kathmandu. Magars, Gurungs, Rai and Limbus form the warrior class and are famous throughout the world as Brave Gurkhas. Terai had been poorly inhabited for long time because of the fear of so-called disease Malaria .It was covered with the dense forests for many years and now mass deforestation has made this region better place to live. During the course of time people from mid-hills started migrating to this region as they found the land there rich enough for cultivation.

Population 28,901,790 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure 0-14 years: 38.3% (male 5,721,720/female 5,360,391)
15-64 years: 57.9% (male 8,597,037/female 8,134,115)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 528,113/female 560,414) (2007 est.)
Median age total: 20.5 years
male: 20.3 years
female: 20.6 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate 2.132% (2007 est.)
Birth rate 30.46 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate 9.14 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.067 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.057 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.942 male(s)/female
Total population 1.056 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate total: 63.66 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 61.87 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 65.54 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birth total population: 60.56 years
male: 60.78 years
female: 60.33 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate 4.01 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Nationality Nepalese
Ethnic groups Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)
Religions Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
note: only official Hindu state in the world
Languages Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)
note: many in government and business also speak English (2001 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.6%
male: 62.7%
female: 34.9% (2001 census))

Art & Architecture

Nepal's artistic beauty is worthy to explain. Inspiration for arts and crafts obviously came from India and Tibet. But the most important are the indigenous arts and crafts of this Himalayan Nation. From the time of the Licchavis there was the great change in Arts and architecture. Propagation of stone sculpture was tremendous during this era. The Religious sites were decorated superbly. The temples and Stupas of Kathmandu valley are the examples of the great effort of the medieval artisans. Wood carving in the temples depicting the forms of Gods and Goddesses as well as the life of the then people is another feature of the Nepali arts and wood carvings.

Religion :

Nepal ,officially, large number of the population is believed as the followers of Hinduism. It is believed as the oldest religion and guided by the oral tradition for long time. For Hindus Himalayas has been described in the Epics as the playground of the Gods and Goddess. They believe in the numbers of Gods and Goddesses. Sacrifice of the animal is interesting feature of the Hindu practice. They think that they should make the ferocious God and Goddess happy with the sacrifice of the animals. They have lots of different aspects and faiths that their lives generally guiding so they all the time try to be close with the gods and goddess. Second place in the country is occupied by Buddhism. It is dominant in the northern side of the country. It was founded some 2600 yrs back by the lord Buddha who was Prince of the southern part of the present Nepal. To get rid from the sufferings from this world was the key concern for him, who then set to achieve the solution, had meditated and Enlightened .He became the Buddha and then started to preach about his achievement as four noble truth to get rid from the suffering .The goal of the life in Buddhism is to get Nirvana or the state of supreme bliss. In the southern part there is some number of the Islam. The practices of Animism and Shamanism are another type of practice which is very rare with the modern attack in the society .Now the increasing numbers of the Christianity belief shows its influence upon Nepalese. In fact Hinduism and Buddhism exist side by side along with others and showing the perfect harmony of the religious practices.